Mr. Fred Hayes
Ordeal candidates and Lodge members
actually tied ropes around themselves, dove down into Thundering
Springs, and removed stones, logs and other debris. They built concrete
steps and a pathway to the springs afterward.
The first 6-C Conference was held at
Camp Sidney Dew, and was hosted by Waguli Lodge #318. This marked
a new alignment, in which most of the Lodges of Georgia would come
together. At this time, the Boy Scouts of America was divided into
12 Regions. We were located geographically located within Region
6, and the letter "C" divided the region even further,
thus 6-C. A rectangular patch was issued for the event, which was
the first conference event ever held in Georgia. The patch can be
viewed in Appendix C-5, under Conclave Patches.
The 1950 National Meeting opened August
29, 1950, and closed the following day. Some 1,100 arrowmen attended
the meeting held for the second time at the University of Indiana.
While there, arrowmen met National Chairman. Mr. H. Lloyd Nelson,
who told them of the growth of our Order. There were 388 lodges
active nationally with 40,091 members divided into 43 Areas. The
meeting was markedly different from conferences of the past, in
that the key conference leadership came from the youth membership
in scouting. An oval felt patch was issued for the meeting. This
year marked the 35th Anniversary of the Order of the Arrow. An example
of which can be seen in Appendix D-1, under NOAC Patches.
Mr. B. W. O'Cain
The Lodge consisted of 51 active members.
The Lodge council ring was relocated
approximately 250 yards north of the fire or river trail, halfway
up the first mountain. This site was used for three or four years.
Mr. B. W. O'Cain replaced Mr. Fred
Hayes as Professional Lodge Advisor, Chief of the Fire and Assistant
The Area 6-C Fellowship was held at
Camp Bert Adams and hosted by Egwa Tawa Dee #129. J. Robert Tye
served as the Area Chief. A triangular patch was issued to those
in attendance, with a button loop attached. An example can be viewed
in Appendix C-5, Conclave Patches.
Area Conference Chiefs met at Miami
University on Friday, December 28 30, 1951. National Conference
Chief was Jim Montgomery. A theme for the upcoming National Conference
in August 1952 was discussed, along with the types and numbers of
training. The question of "patch swapping" becoming an
obsession was discussed. A ratio of 1:10 one adult to every 10 youths
to insure control, was agreed upon. On Sunday, National Chief Jim
Montgomery discussed whether some memento or symbol could be passed
on to each new National Chief. The Order of the Arrow National Secretary
Lloyd Nelson said it might be possible to use a National Chief's
bonnet. The National Chief was presented the original bonnet by
Anicus Lodge on that day. The Chiefs adjourned the meeting with
praise for the value of the meeting and a great appreciation for
being involved. Forty seven areas were now designated. Forty three
had area leaders, with twenty two having area fellowship meetings.
The Order of the Arrow National Committee
decided to drop the term "honor" in the use of Ordeal
and Brotherhood. Every member would be considered for the Brotherhood
after 10 month's service, provided he was active in scouting and
in the Order. The committee also decided not to count Scout Executives,
Council Presidents, Regional Executives and other officials aiding
the local camping program against the annual Lodge Vigil Honor quota.
These rules became mandatory on January 1, 1953.
Mr. Frank Graham (D)
Mr. B. W. O'Cain
In early 1952, the first National Service
Objectives for a two year program were emphasized by the Order of
the Arrow Committee. They were:
(1) More year round opportunities
through a Lodge survey of camping areas.
(2) Better camping facilities through service projects at
the Council Camp
(3) Increased participation in scout camping through Order
of the Arrow team visits to units.
Tomo Chi Chi Lodge #119 hosted the
1952 6-C Conference at Camp Strachan near Savannah, Ga. Jack McKay
served as the Area Chief. While at the conference, delegates are
said to have gone to Savannah beach for a swim and to have visited
the Union Camp Bag Company. A red ceramic wall plaque with Georgia
Order of the Arrow symbols was made up for the Area 6-C Conference.
No Ini-To members attended. Delegates received a cloth 6-C Conference
patch in the shape of the State of Georgia, which can be seen in
Appendix C-5, Conclave Patches.
More than 2,200 arrowmen attended the
1952 NOAC, previously known as the National Meeting, at Miami University
in Oxford, Ohio, from August 29 31. The National Committee took
a number of actions. The Boy Scouts of America Supply Division was
soon expected to provide a white woven sash.
Felt would no longer be used. The Committee
also announced that a Lodge emblem, which would fit on the right
pocket flap, was suggested. This patch can be viewed in Appendix
D-1, NOAC Patches. In his closing to the 1952 conference, Founder
E. Urner Goodman gave a list of three things he hoped the arrowmen
"That the Order of
the Arrow is a thing of the individual and not of the mass.
In our scheme, each individual is important. This has always
been accentuated in the Order; indeed, certain of our ceremonies
were developed with particular boys in mind. The very ideals
of brotherhood, cheerfulness, and service spring to life in
the flesh and blood appearance of real individuals.
Yes, the Order of the Arrow
is a thing of the individual and each member is important,
for what each one does, counts. Such an idea is basic to our
democracy, just as it is offensive to totalitarianism.
That the Order of the Arrow
is a thing of the out of doors, not the indoors. It was born
on an island wilderness. It needs the sun and rain, the woods
and the plain, the waters and the starlit sky. We pick up
the lore and the tradition of the American Indian and glorify
them today. The Indian was a lover of open air and his culture
is ours to preserve. When the final history of our Order is
written, it is to be hoped that one of its greatest achievements
will be its preservation of the Scout movement as an outdoor
In this respect we have a
double task. We have a quantity job to do, for still half
of the troops and Explorer units are not camping. We have
a quality job to secure genuine camping that produces self
reliance in the individual.
Now, this is no little thing
to ask of the members of our Order to remember that it is
a thing of the out of doors, for out of life in the open comes
a precious ingredient which our country and any country needs
if it is to survive. It is the development of self reliance
that makes men strong in any time of strain.
The Order of the Arrow is
a thing of the spirit and not a thing of mechanics. The organization
and operation, paraphernalia and procedure are necessary in
any large and growing movement, but they are not the things
that count in the end. The things of the spirit count.
It was no less a person than
General Douglas MacArthur at the famous surrender scene on
the battleship Missouri, who, speaking to the world of the
need for the preservation of goodwill among men, said: "It
must be of the spirit, if we are to save the flesh."
Close ties continued with Alpha Phi
Omega, the National Service Fraternity, which assisted with local
arrangements and talked about the fraternity to college bound arrowmen.
Mr. Hoke Copeland entered the Council
as the Scout Executive and Supreme Chief of the Fire on November
1, 1953. He had received the Vigil Honor through Tomo Chi Chi Lodge,
in Savannah, Georgia, on November 3, 1944, and as far as we know,
was the first Vigil member in the Lodge. His Indian name is Waletillin,
meaning "The Counselor." Flint River Council Scouting
membership stood at 2,000 strong as Mr. Copeland entered the Council.
The National Committee met on March
13 15 at Alpine Scout Reservation in New Jersey. The results of
a Lodge survey (all Lodges received questionnaires with their recharter)
based on the 141 Lodges who returned the questionnaire.
(1) 75% attended area meetings
(2) 60% were represented at the National Meeting
(3) 60% were represented at NOAC.
(4) 90% conducted arrow elections in individual units.(1/2
held during spring anD-1/3 at camp)
(5) 67% held an annual scouter election within the unit.
(6) 67% had a First Class membership requirement.
(7) 20% had an age requirement.
(8) 80% are using the new Brotherhood procedures.
(9) Almost all Lodge Officers are youth.
(10) More Lodges have a volunteer Lodge Advisor than a professional,
and many Lodges have both professional and volunteer advisors.
(11) 33% of the Lodges are divided into chapters. Most Lodges
have three chapters. Most chapters have quarterly or monthly
(12) Almost all Lodges have an executive committee to handle
(13) Most Lodges have 2 5 activities per year.
(14) 75% had ceremonies during summer camp.
(15) 40% publish a Lodge bulletin
(16) 67% have an active representative from the council camping
and active committee.
(17) 50% have replaced the constitution and bylaws with brief
rules and regulations.
(18) 50% have undertaken service projects to strengthen the
(19) 75% maintain individual record forms for Lodge members.
(20) 50% have their treasury as part of the financial setup
of the local council.
At the bottom of the questionnaire
sheet, the question was asked of the Lodges surveyed to "List
the two most important ways that your Order of the Arrow Lodge had
helped the Scouting program in your Council."
(1) More than half of the
Lodges listed camping promotion.
(2) 33% listed service projects at council camp.
(3) 25% indicated that services concerned primarily with summer
camp had been most important.
(4) Other frequently mentioned activities were service projects
specifically armed to help individual units, holding the interest
of older boys, service at camporees, service and Indian dancing
at council wide shows, conservation and Junior Leader Training.
The adults and chiefs on the committee
deplored the "excess" of trading patches at the 1952 NOAC
and agreed to require delegation leaders to ensure control among
The Lodge charter application listed
103 active members.
The 1953 6-D Conference was held at
Camp McKenzie, and hosted by Chattahoochee Lodge #204. The was the
first year of the 6-D alignment. The Region consisted of Georgia,
Florida, North Carolina and South Carolina with headquarters in
Atlanta, Georgia. Delegates received the 1953 Conference patch,
which can be viewed in Appendix C-6, Conclave Patches.
Mr. B. W. O'Cain, the Lodge's professional
advisor, became the first Vigil Honor inductee from Ini-To Lodge
#324 on March 27, 1954. His Indian name was Wikhicher, which means
"Wood Worker. "
Waguli Lodge #318 hosted the 6-D Conference
near Rome, Georgia, at Camp Sidney Dew. Four Ini-To members attended,
including Lodge Chief Lynn Bates and Staff Advisor, Mr. B. W. O'Cain,
Supreme Chief of the Fire, Mr. Hoke Copeland and one other youth
arrowman (presently unknown). Those in attendance received an arrowhead
shaped conference patch, which can be viewed in Appendix C-6, Conclave
Mr. Frank Graham (D)
Mr. Hoke Copeland
Mr. B. W. O'Cain left for Charleston,
South Carolina, to further his scouting career. As of this writing
he is 82 years old, retired from Scouting and his mind is as sharp
as a tack.
The above Lodge flap was adopted in
1955. Designers included Terry Avery, Guy Clark, and Tommy Van Houten,
from Barnesville. It is known today as the F 1 flap. Some 200 of
these flaps were produced for the Lodge by the National Boy Scouts
of America office, at a cost of $0.12 each. They were in turn issued
to the candidates and sold to Lodge members at $0.25 each. This
flap can also be viewed in Appendix E 9, NOAC Patches.
The Lodge Council Ring was relocated
to a point north of the camp water tower and west of the rifle range.
This was used until 1958. Ordeal work consisted of moving rocks
out of the lake and building walls at the council ring at the lake.
Semilachee Lodge #239 hosted the Conference
at Camp Silver Lake close to Tallahassee, Florida. In attendance
were the founder of the Order of the Arrow, Mr. E. Urner Goodman,
and the Governor of Florida, Mr. LeRoy Collins. Jack Champion served
as the Area Chief. Delegates attending received a conference patch,
which can be viewed in Appendix C-6, Conclave Patches.
The National Committee in support of
scouting in various ways, encouraged assistance to councils and
announced four points of emphasis for Lodges. They were:
(1) Re intensify the spiritual
value of the Order of the Arrow.
(2) Promote camping through publication of "Where to
go Camping" booklets.
(3) Improve camping facilities through service projects.
(4) Emphasize the arrowman obligation to their unit.
The use of Lodge flaps was now approved
by the National Committee. Order of the Arrow National Committee
Chairman, Lloyd Nelson introduced L. George Feil of Kansas City
as a new member on the National Order of the Arrow Committee. The
committee was concerned about the increasing number of adults in
the order. Because of this, the following policy points were made:
(1) The Order of the Arrow
should not be a recognition for OA adult.
(2) That scouters should be elected only if their scouting
job will allow them to make the Order of the Arrow more
meaningful in the lives of boys.
(3) That adults have an advisory role in the Order of the
Arrow and should not be in leadership positions.
Dr. E. Urner Goodman, Founder, reported
98% of those selected for the Vigil Honor in 1954 were adults. The
committee approved youth tenure for Vigil from three years to two
years. Evaluation was to be based on a youth standard, not an adult
standard. The National Committee meeting showed sixty areas in twelve
The 1955 planning meeting was held
in December at Indiana University in Bloomington, Illinois. The
Conference Chiefs elected James L. Waters, Jr. of Lodge #129 Egwa
Tawa Dee National Conference Chief. Acting National Order of the
Arrow Committee Chairman, Mr. J. P. Hunter, of Atlanta, conducted
the ceremony to install Waters by transferring from Jim Feil, the
Eagle feathered war bonnet worn by National Chiefs since 1938. The
national committee, after discussion of the youth to adult ratio,
decided that no more than half will be adults.
Mr. Wayne Morrow was the Professional
Advisor, Chief of the Fire, and District Scout Executive for the
Pine Mountain District.
The 1956 Lodge charter application
listed 50 active members. Flint River Council received the Campbell
Award from the Region 6 Headquarters for having the best Council
Record in the Region.
Immokalee Lodge #353 hosted the Area
6-D Conference at Camp Osborn near Albany, Georgia. Jimmy Waters
served as Area Chief. In attendance representing Ini-To were: Staff
Advisor, Mr. Wayne Morrow, Lodge Chief, John Elrod; Vice Chief,
Jack Grubb; Secretary, Alfred Bolton; and Treasurer, Ennis Parker,
Jr. While at the Conference, Ini-To members met Mr. Martin Mockford,
who was a National Order of the Arrow Staff Member. Those in attendance
received a Conference patch, which can be viewed in Appendix C-6,
The 1956 NOAC, held August 26 30, had
2200 arrowmen in attendance. The theme was "Onward for God
and My Country". In the closing address, Mr. E. Urner Goodman
likened the 40 years of the order to the wanderings of the early
Hebrews. He suggested that perhaps the order should get prepared
to enter the Promised Land. He suggested that arrowmen need to take
with them and ensure the continuation of "the democratic spirit,
the volunteer spirit, the spirit of reverence. The democratic spirit
is more important to guard against the danger of exclusiveness,
of the clique, of the rule of the few. Maintain the importance of
the individual. The volunteer spirit is equally important for the
one willing to step forward who truly makes a difference in life.
The Spirit of reverence must keep us mindful of active concern for
God and our fellowman. With these three spirits a part of us, whatever
the future, it will be the Promised Land." The 1956 NOAC patch
can be viewed under NOAC, Appendix D-1.
This year was somewhat confused, with
John Elrod serving as Chief until mid year when his family moved
out of Council. George Hanson took over as Chief. Jack Grubb was
then elected as Vice Chief.
The 1957 Order of the Arrow committee
met at the LaSalle Hotel in Chicago on March 13, 1957. Tom McBride
reported on the subcommittee on adult membership. After discussion,
the group voted that "members of the Order of the Arrow over
21 shall have no vote in any decision of the Lodge. "
Egwa Tawa Dee Lodge #129 hosted the
6-D Conference at the old Bert Adams Scout Camp near Vinings, Georgia.
This was the last conference held at this camp, as the camp was
closed. The camp reopened at a new location four years later, as
Bert Adams Scout Reservation, near Covington, Georgia. Ini-To's
Vice Chief, Jack Grubb, was selected by the lodge to sit on a committee
to interview candidates for the Area Chief's position. Delegates
attending received a patch for the 6-D Conference, which can be
viewed in Appendix C-4, Conclave Patches.
The 1957 Conference Chiefs met at Kansas
University in Lawrence, Kansas on December 27-29. James Wkolka of
Eau Claire, Wisconsin, was elected the National Conference Chief.
Ennis Parker Jr.
Mr. Frank Graham (D)
Mr. Wayne Morrow
The Lodge had a membership of 42. Chief
George Hanson, it should be noted, gave the Lodge a much needed
shot in the arm during his term as Lodge Chief. Again the Lodge
Council Ring was moved, this time to a place approximately 200 feet
northeast of the lake dam in the middle of a poison ivy patch. Needless
to say, this particular ring was used but one year.
The Lodge flap design shown above was
changed to what is now considered the F-2 flap. Cost of the flap
from the National Office was .13 cents each, and 200 were produced.
The flap was designed by Mr. Robert Langford, with the aid and approval
of Lodge Secretary, Tommy Brisendine and Jack Grubb. The new flaps
were issued to the Ordeal candidates, and sold to other Lodge Arrowmen
at .50 cents each, on a two per life basis. The F-2 can be viewed
as an Error Flap, in that the arrow extends over the Thunderbirds'
left shoulder. The flap is still considered to be part of the Lodge's
collection, and can be viewed in Appendix C-6, Conclave Patches.
The Area 6-D Conference was held at
Camp McKenzie, and was hosted by the Chattahoochee Lodge #204. Ini-To
had twelve boys and two adults in attendance. Ini-To Lodge sent
quite a number of its Arrowmen, most of whom were still Ordeal members.
All the Lodge's Ordeal arrowmen sealed their membership at the Conference
by actual blood bonding. Our Lodge, until this time, had never had
enough Brotherhood members to hold our own Brotherhood ceremony.
As done the previous year, Jack Grubb was selected to sit on the
committee to help select the upcoming Area 6-D Chief. In a letter
addressed to the author, Jack goes on to say it was his honor to
place in nomination, the name of his friend, Tommy Brisendine. Tommy
was then selected as Area 6-D Chief. Jack then stated, "That
was a big day in our Lodge". The patch can be viewed in Appendix
C-2, Conclave Patches.
The 1958 National Order of the Arrow
committee met in Chicago in May. National Secretary Phil Robins
reported 503 active Order of the Arrow Lodges with 110,000 members.
Membership nationally was composed of 24% Boy Scouts, 49% Explorers
and 27% Scouters. Note: According to BSA policy, a youth once turned
14 years of age was automatically considered an explorer, even through
he may still be active in the troop.
The 1958 NOAC was held at the University
of Kansas in Lawrence, Kansas on August 24 28. There were 2400 arrowmen
in attendance. E. Urner Goodman again delivered the closing challenge.
His theme was the "Victorious Struggle". He said "Struggle
is what life is made of, and through struggle we grow and reach
our potential. Struggle early on is the key to later success, for
it teaches one to preserve and it develops our minds more fully
and improves on our weaknesses. Out of struggle comes man's highest
happiness, his greatest progress. " So Goodman wished to all
those present "persistent, prevailing, victorious struggle.
" Tommy Brisendine traveled by train to Lawrence Kansas to
attend the 1958 NOAC. He was the first Arrowman from Ini-To to attend
a NOAC, and the only one that year. This patch can be viewed in
Appendix D-1, under NOAC Patches.
In February 1959, Martin Mockford (an
Eagle Scout and Silver Beaver recipient, past Scoutmaster, an instructor
at BSA National Camp School, a District Executive, a Council Director
on Camping and Activities, and Assistant Council Executive) was
assigned as the newest Secretary of the National Order of the Arrow
Committee. Plans were made to rewrite the Order of the Arrow Handbook,
to be ready for release at NOAC 1961.
Mr. Robert Langford of Griffin became
Lodge Lay Advisor replacing Mr. Frank Graham who had been the Lodge
Advisor for seven years.
A new patch design was submitted for
the 1959 conference. The patch was in toe shape of the state of
Georgia. It had a Thunderbird, with Area 6-D above the Thunderbird,
the word 'Conference' below, WWW, and an arrow with 1959 to the
lower right of the Thunderbird. The patch idea was rejected.
The Lodge Council Ring was again relocated,
this time back to its second site, high on the mountain, South of
the dining hall.
Active membership totaled for Ini-To
was a strong 84 members. Annual dues were one dollar. The National
Order of the Arrow membership stood at 102,000.
As was the practice in those days,
the Conference Chief was the Lodge Chief of the Host Lodge. Tommy
Brisendine served as Ini-To's first Area 6-D Conference Chief. A
successful conference was held at Camp Thunder during April 17-19.
This was the first Conference ever hosted by the Lodge. Mr. Hoke
Copeland, Scout Executive of Flint River Council and Supreme Chief
of the Fire, did the welcoming address at the council ring at 8:00
PM, Friday evening. A Vigil tapping occurred in the council ring
that night. Saturday's breakfast ended with announcements being
made, introduction of nominees, and an explanation of election procedures
and program. The discussion session for Saturday was led by Egwa
Tawa Dee Lodge #129, from Atlanta, on the organization of National,
Area, Lodge and Chapter. Immolakee Lodge #353 held the Action Program.
Waguli Lodge #318 did a session on national policy tradition and
history. Indian crafts were demonstrated by Mr. Hen Henning, assisted
by Semilachee Lodge #239. Other demonstrations included scout craft
and patrol camping, shown by Hiwassee Lodge #333. Chattahoochee
Lodge #204 gave demonstrations on specialized scout craft. Egwa
Tawa Dee #129 was in charge of the archery contest. A Brotherhood
ceremony was conducted in the Order of the Arrow ring Saturday evening.
Sunday morning brought the installation of the new officers for
the Area 6-D Conference. A map of Camp Thunder, distributed for
the Conference, can be viewed on the following page (map not available
at time of printing).
The conference patch shown above was
designed by Mr. Robert Langford. The delegates received the patch,
which can also be viewed in Appendix C-6, Conclave Patches. This
patch is one of the harder to obtain in mint condition.
Mr. Langford was the first volunteer
to receive the Vigil Honor from Ini-To on April 17, 1959, and the
second conferred in the Lodge's history. His Indian name is Attakullakulla,
which translates to "Little Carpenter".
A quarterly Lodge Pow Wow was held
at 3:00 PM on May 23, 1959, at the Hawks Library (next door to the
Griffin High School Auditorium). Lodge Chief Tommy Brisendine reported
at this time that the Council Office supply of Lodge emblems had
dwindled to practically nothing and was asking Lodge members to
bring their idea of a pocket flap to the Pow Wow. Also mentioned
by the Chief, were ideas for a good neckerchief design. As the Pow
Wow ended, Tommy was presented with the first of a series of Lodge
Chief's medals, symbolizing the appreciation of the Lodge, for a
job well done. This medal was to go on for years, as the standard
for Lodge Chief's service. In fact, the practice continued into
the late portion of 1971, with Aubrey McKoon being the last recipient.
Past Lodge Chief Tommy Brisendine attended
the Order of the Arrow Leadership Course in Waycross, GA.
Active members of the Lodge at the
end of the year stood at 96.